QUANTRILL, William Clarke

(1837–1865)
   Historically, Quantrill was a schoolteacher turned Southern partisan, known for developing guerilla hit-and-run raids of Union sympathizers in Kansas and Missouri. History usually portrays him as a cruel, vicious murderer and opportunist. In 1863 Quantrill’s raiders sacked Lawrence, Kansas, killing over 100 people and torching the city. Like other Civil War characters, Quantrill has been interpreted both negatively and sympathetically. Among his proteges were Frank and Jesse James, the Dalton brothers, and Bloody Bill Anderson— all subjects of legend and numerous films. In Kansas Raiders (1950), Quantrill (Brian Donlevy) serves as a charismatic type of father figure to Jesse James (Audie Murphy). In Dark Command (1940), Quantrill (Walter Pidgeon) was the admired schoolteacher to the John Wayneand Roy Rogerscharacters, who both die in the raid. Most films about the James and Dalton gangs in some way refer to their early connections with Quantrill. An early plot element in Clint Eastwood’s The Outlaw Josey Wales (1976) has Wales joining an offshoot of Quantrill’s band led by Bloody Bill Anderson (John Russell).

Historical Dictionary of Westerns in Cinema. . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quantrill,William Clarke — Quan·trill (kwŏnʹtrĭl ), William Clarke. 1837 1865. American desperado who led a guerrilla band that sporadically supported the Confederacy during the Civil War. He is infamous for his wanton killing of war prisoners and civilians. * * * …   Universalium

  • William Clarke Quantrill — William Clark Quantrill William Clark Quantrill (* 31. Juli 1837 in Canal Dover, Ohio; † 6. Juni 1865 in Louisville, Kentucky) war ein berüchtigter Partisanenführer im amerikanischen Sezessionskrieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Quantrill, William C. — ▪ American outlaw in full  William Clarke Quantrill,  pseudonym  Charley Hart  born July 31, 1837, Canal Dover, Ohio, U.S. died June 6, 1865, Louisville, Ky.  captain of a guerrilla band irregularly attached to the Confederate Army during the… …   Universalium

  • William Quantrill — William Clarke Quantrill William Clarke Quantrill (31 de julio de 1837 6 de junio de 1865), jefe de una banda de guerrillas pro confederadas durante la guerra civil de los Estados Unidos. Tristemente célebre por la masacre de Lawrence, Kansas,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Quantrill — William Clarke Quantrill (31 juillet 1837 6 juin 1865), un hors la loi américain, a été le chef de la plus sanglante unité de combat de la Guerre de Sécession. Il est responsable du massacre de Lawrence, au Kansas, l une des plus effroyables… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quantrill — William Quantrill William Quantrill William Clarke Quantrill (31 juillet 1837 6 juin 1865), un hors la loi américain, a été le chef de la plus sanglante unité de combat de la Guerre de Sécession. Il est responsable du massacre de Lawrence, au… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Quantrill — can refer to:* William Quantrill, Confederate soldier * Quantrill s Raiders, a guerilla group commanded by William Quantrill * William Clarke Quantrill Society, a society dedicated to the memory of William Quantrill * Paul Quantrill, baseball… …   Wikipedia

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • Clarke — /klahrk/, n. Arthur C(harles), born 1917, English science fiction writer. * * * (as used in expressions) Clarke Arthur Charles Moore Clement Clarke Quantrill William Clarke * * * …   Universalium

  • William Quantrill — William Clarke Quantrill Born July 31, 1837(1837 07 31) Canal Dover (now Dover), Ohio …   Wikipedia

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